Mount Ball
3311m (10863ft.)

Located on the continental divide at the head of Red Earth Creek and Haffner Creek. Ball Range, on the border of Banff & Kootenay parks, Alberta/BC border. Major headwaters Bow & Kootenay rivers.
Latitude 51; 09; 25 Longitude 116; 00; 30, Topo map 82N/01

Named by James Hector in 1858. Ball, John (John Ball was Under-secretary of State for the Colonies and was influential in obtaining funding for the Palliser Expedition; first president of the Alpine Club (London)) Official name.

First ascended in 1904 by J.D. Patterson, guided by Christian Kaufmann, Hans Kaufmann. Journal reference CAJ 1-87.

Photo: Looking southwest up Red Earth Creek Valley to Mount Ball from the Bow Valley Parkway, 4.5 km east of Johnston Canyon
More photos

Other Information
Looking south-southeast to Mount Ball from Panorama Ridge (courtesy Sonny Bou)

This impressive peak at the head of Redearth Creek may be seen from the Bow Valley Parkway, east of Castle Junction. It forms the backdrop to Shadow Lake, one of the largest lakes in Banff National Park.

James Hector noted the peak as he travelled up the Bow Valley in 1858, writing, "Through a deep valley (Redearth Creek)to the southwest is a very massive mountaian, completely snow capped." This view may be enjoyed from just northwest of southeastern edge of the Hillsdale Slide on the Bow Valley Parkway.

Hector''s journal entry written near the summit of Vermilion Pass has a reference to Mount Ball. It reads as follows: "The source of the stream flowing to the east [Altrude Creek] is from a deep lake with rocky margins...A stream of muddy water, about 12 feet broad, descends from the north-west, and when within 300 yards of this lake turns off to the south-west, forming the first water we had seen flowing to the Pacific. We encamped beside this stream...I then ascended the mountain to the east for 1,000 feet above our camp, reaching the limit of the woods after 500 feet. The a mere spur from a large central mass of snow-capped mountains to the south-east, which I named Mount Ball.

In Volume I of the Interprovincial Boundary Survey, Arthur O. Wheeler wrote, "The summit of Mount Ball is clad with perpetual snow. Its east face is a precipitous rock escarpment falling nearly 4000 feet to the valley of Shadow Lake; in fact the whole east face of the group shows a similar escarpment, lined and hung with pocket and cliff glaciers and beds of snow set high on the ledges."

An Irishman, John Ball was a contemporary of John Palliser and a good friend of the Palliser family. He was a great supporter of the formation of the Palliser Expedition and its likely contribution to scientific knowledge in general. An enthusiastic amateur botanist, he was interested in those scientists who were accumulating collections and records of the various species of plants from all over the world.

Ball recommended that the government finance the Palliser Expedition and consulted a number of scientists, including Charles Darwin, to discuss the work to be done and the individuals that should be involved. He personally recommended that Eugene Bourgeau join the expedition as the botanist. [Spry]

For a panoramic view from the summit of Mount Ball visit

Scrambling Routes
A remote but moderate scramble involving bushwhacking. Mount Ball''s domed cap of snow and ice is visible from countless other peaks. This route is a long tedious trip with a feeling of remoteness throughout and as a result, is still tackled infrequently. Nonetheless, it is a major summit and this approach offers a fairly non-technical way up. The summit view is superb, but few who have undertaken the trek would repeat it. Like many other described scrambles, increased visits over the years have improved the trail and the bushwhacking is now tolerable. After several hours you escape Haffner Creek bush and enjoy open travel in the upper valley. A few hardy souls give it a try most years-or at least think about it! Wait until about mid-July to try the ascent; ice axe recommended. Kane, Scrambles in the Canadian Rockies page 216

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