Cascade Mountain
2998m (9836ft.)

Located in the Bow River Valley west of Cascade River; north of Banff townsite. Banff Park, Alberta
Latitude 51; 13; 40 Longitude 115; 33; 45, Topo map 82O/04

Panorama viewpoint: Whiskey Creek West. Can be seen from Highway 1

Named by James Hector in 1858. The mountain is named for the cascade or waterfall on its southern cliffs. Official name. Other names Minihapa, Stoney Chief

First ascended in 1887 by L.B. Stewart, Tom Wilson

Photo: Looking northwest to Cascade Mountain from Highway #1 a few kilometres east of Banff townsite
More photos

Other Information
Looking north-northeast across the Bow River to Cascade Mountain

People have been admiring the cascade on Cascade Mountain for a long time. The native name for the peak was, "Minihapa" which translates to "Mountain Where the Water Falls."

Sir George Simpson passed by Cascade Mountain in 1841 noting, "a stream of water which, though of very considerable volume, looked like a thread of silver on the grey rock."

When Father Pierre-Jean De Smet visited the area in 1845 he wrote that a, "beautiful crystalline fountain issues from the centre of a perpendicular rock about five hundred feet high, and then pours its water over the plain in foam and mist."

On August 15, 1858, James Hector's party reached, "a beautiful little prairie at the base of the 'Mountain Where the Water Falls,' or the Cascade Mountain." The 'beautiful little prairie' became known as Whiskey Creek Meadows and the mountain remains Cascade, the peak most associated with the Town of Banff. The cascade which Hector's party saw from their campsite here a century and a half ago is still flowing and the meadow, although not as peaceful a setting as it was, looks much the same as it did when Hector camped here.

Cascade Mountain looms over the meadow and this is not the best spot from which to see the entire mountain. Probably the most photographed view is from Banff Townsite itself where Banff Avenue seems to have been positioned to line up with the mountain.

While climbing the lower six hundred metres of Cascade Mountain, Hector enjoyed various species of mountain wildlife, some of which he probably had not seen before. He recorded in his journals that a hummingbird flew against his face, that he was startled by a "flock of white objects (mountain sheep) darting away," that "among the blocks of rock the siffleurs (marmots) kept whistling in a very loud shrill note," and he observed pikas, "one of the most comical animals I have seen....It sits up on its hind legs and calls its note in the most impudent fashion."

An alternative name for Cascade that was in use within living memory was "Stoney Chief". This name explains the origin of the name of the neighboring Stoney Squaw. I suspect these names are of relatively recent origin and known mostly among local people. [W.B. Yeo]

For a panoramic view from the summit of Cascade Mountain visit

[Additional information: "How We climbed Cascade" by Ralph Connor"; one of the "Tales of the Canadian Rockies" by Brian Patton]

Scrambling Routes
Moderate scrambling. Cascade and Rundle are the two classic scrambles at Banff, and since the first ascent in 1887 by Tom Wilson, thousands have probably tramped to the top. Decades ago, locals placed a mirror on top that reflected down Banff Avenue. Canmore writer Ralph Connor once wrote of finding the fossil remains of a prehistoric monster on top in an entertaining, whimsical account. The party graciously claimed to have left the remains up there for all to see. Suffice to say, it is unlikely that scramblers will discover anything so unusual, although you may see interesting rocks, if nothing else. Try this peak from July on, when the snow has cleared off the fossilized monsters(!). Kane, Scrambles in the Canadian Rockies page 194

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