Mount Bourgeau
2930m (9613ft.)

Located in the Bow River Valley north of Healy Creek. Massive Range, Banff Park, Alberta
Latitude 51; 07; 55 Longitude 115; 46; 30, Topo map 82O/04

Panorama viewpoint: Whiskey Creek West. Can be seen from Highway 1

Named by James Hector in 1860. Bourgeau, Eugene (Eugene Bourgeau was the botanist with the Palliser Expedition.) Official name.

First ascended in 1890 by J.J. McArthur, guided by Tom Wilson.

Photo: Looking west to Mount Bourgeau from the Trans-Canada Highway
More photos

Other Information
Photo: Looking northeast to Mount Bourgeau from Monarch Ramparts

The view to the west from near Banff Townsite (below Cascade Mountain on the Trans-Canada Highway) features an outstanding peak which was referred to by James Hector in his journal entry for 17 August, 1858: "Looking up the valley to the W.S.W. we had before us a truncated mountain, evidently composed of massive horizontal strata, and which I named Mount Bourgeau." Eugene Bourgeau was the botanist with the Palliser expedition.

Bourgeau's career began with his love of flowers in the French Alps where he tended his father's herds. Sir William Hooker, the first Director of Kew Gardens in London, (see Mount Hooker) had received many specimens from distant lands through Bourgeau's work. He referred to Bourgeau as a "prince of botanical collectors," and recommended him to those who were organizing the expedition. Bourgeau was not a disappointment. During his time with the Expedition he collected specimens from eight hundred and nineteen species as well as a great quantity of seeds.

When Bourgeau left the expedition in 1859 to fulfill a previous commitment to do botanical work in London and in the Caucasus in Europe, he had obviously made an impression with Palliser and other members of the expedition. Palliser wrote that Bourgeau was, "always hard at his work in which his whole soul seems engrossed, and no matter what his fatigues or privations may be, his botanical specimens are always his first care. We were very sorry indeed to lose our friend, who was a great favourite with us all. In addition to his acquirements as a botanist, he united the most sociable, jovial disposition, ever ready not only to do his own work, but assist anyone else who asked him."

The Bow Valley turns abruptly to the northwest at the foot of Mount Bourgeau and it is at this point that more snow begins to accumulate in the Bow Valley during the winter. During the summer months, the summit cliffs of Bourgeau rising behind a lower feature, remain highlighted with the previous winter's snow and and often contrasted with brilliant blue skies.

Mount Bourgeau is part of the Massive Range that includes Pilot Mountain, Mount Brett, Mount Bourgeau, and Massive Mountain. The range lies to the southwest of the Bow Valley, between Redearth Creek to the north and Healy Creek to the south. Lost Horse Creek lies to the west of the range.

For a panoramic view from the summit of Mount Bourgeau visit

Scrambling Routes
An easy scramble via west slopes. Bourgeau Lake is a popular Banff area day hike that provides an easy, but long approach route to Mount Bourgeau. The peak was first ascended in 1890 by surveyor J. J. MacArthur and packer Tom Wilson, although they probably did not use this approach. The route used today visits no less than three distinctly unique mountain tarns along the way and is one of the prettier day hikes around Banff. This area records heavy snowfall, and in early summer you can often find lingering snow patches near the second lake. These slopes are ideal for practising ice axe self-arrest and make for a great glissade, too. Try from late June on.Kane, Scrambles in the Canadian Rockies page 204

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